Eloquent ORM (Object Relational Mapping) in Laravel

Eloquent is the ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) included with Laravel. It provides a simple and expressive way to interact with your database by representing database tables as PHP objects. This makes it easier to work with databases in a more natural and object-oriented way.

Create the Model:

In your terminal, run the following command to create a model named Task:

php artisan make:model Task -m

This will create a Task.php file in the app directory and a migration file for creating the corresponding database table.

  1. Define the Model:

Open the Task.php file located in app/Models (or app if you’re not using Laravel 8+ with separate Models directory), and define the model like this:


namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Task extends Model
    use HasFactory;

    protected $fillable = ['title', 'description']; // Specify which attributes can be mass assigned

    // Additional methods or relationships can be defined here

In this example, we’ve defined a Task model. It extends Model, which is the base Eloquent model provided by Laravel. The HasFactory trait is used to provide factory support for the model.

Create the Migration:

In the database/migrations directory, you’ll find a migration file created for the tasks table. Define the table’s schema in the up() method.

public function up()
    Schema::create('tasks', function (Blueprint $table) {

Run the migration:

php artisan migrate

Using the Model:

Now you can use the Task model to interact with the tasks table. For example:

// Create a new task
$task = Task::create([
    'title' => 'Sample Task',
    'description' => 'This is a sample task description.'

// Retrieve a task
$task = Task::find(1);

// Update a task
$task->title = 'Updated Task Title';

// Delete a task

Thanks for reading

Hi I am Amit Kumar Thakur Experienced as s Software Developer with a demonstrated history of working in the information technology and services industry. Skilled in HTML, CSS, Bootstrap4, PHP, Laravel-9 , REST API,FB API,Google API, Youtube Api, Bitbucket,Github,Linux and jQuery. Strong engineering professional focused in Computer/Information Technology Administration and Management. Currently my profile is to Software Developer, analyze the requirement, creating frame for web application, coding and maintenance.

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